Photo-dynamic induction of oxidative stress within cholesterol-containing membranes: Shape transitions and permeabilization

R. Kerdous , J. Heuvingh , S. Bonneau

Bibtex , URL
Biochem. Biophys. Acta - Biomembranes, 1808, 12, 2965-2972
Published 01 Dec. 2011
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2011.08.002
ISSN: 0005-2736


Photochemical internalization is a drug delivery technology employing a photo-destabilization of the endosomes and the photo-controlled release of endocyted macromolecules into the cytosol. This effect is based on the ability of some photosensitizers to interact with endosomal membranes and to photo-induce damages leading to its breakdown. The permeabilization efficiency is not quantitatively related to the importance of the damages, but to their asymmetric repartition within the leaflets. Using unilamellar vesicles and a chlorin, we studied the effect of the membrane's cholesterol content on its photo-permeabilization. First, the affinity of the chlorin for membranes was studied. Then, we asymmetrically oxidized the membranes. For DOPC/CHOL GUVs, we observed different shape transitions, in accordance with an increase followed by a decrease of the membrane effective curvature. These modifications are delayed by the cholesterol. Finally, the photo-permeabilization of GUVs occurs, corresponding to a pore formation due to the membrane tension, resulting from vesicles buddings. Cholesterol-rich GUVs permeabilization occurs after a lag, and is less important. These results are interpreted regarding both (i) the cholesterol-induced tightening of the lipids, its consequences on physical parameters of the membrane and on oxidation rate and (ii) the suggested ability of cholesterol to flip rapidly and then to relax the differential density-based stress accumulated during membrane bending. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Cette publication est associée à :

Plasticité membranaire et fonctions cellulaires