Lipidomics and biodistribution of extracellular vesicles-secreted by hepatocytes from Zucker lean and fatty rats

M. Azparren-Angulo , J. Mleczko , O.E. Alboniga , S.G. Kruglik , J.M. Guigner , E. Gonzalez , C. Garcia-Vallicrosa , J. Llop , C. Simó , C. Alonso , M. Iruarrizaga , F. Royo , J.M. Falcon-Perez

Bibtex , URL
Journal of Extracellular Biology, 3, 2
Published 24 Feb. 2024
DOI: 10.1002/jex2.140


Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been involved in metabolic syndrome, although their specific role in the development of the pathology is still unknown. To further study the role of EVs, we have analysed by Raman tweezers microspectroscopy and mass spectrometry-based lipidomics the small EVs population secreted by fatty (ZF) and lean (ZL) hepatocytes obtained from Zucker rats. We have also explored in vivo and ex vivo biodistribution of these EVs through fluorine-18-radiolabelling using a positron emission tomography imaging. Based on the proportion of proteins to lipids and the types of lipids, our results indicate that within the range of small EVs, primary hepatocytes secrete different subpopulations of particles. These differences were observed in the enrichment of triglyceride species in EVs secreted by ZF hepatocytes. Biodistribution experiments showed accumulation in the brain, heart, lungs, kidney and specially in bladder after intravenous administration. In summary, we show that EVs released by a fatty hepatocytes carry a different lipid signature compared to their lean counterpart. Biodistribution experiment has shown no difference in the distribution of EVs secreted by ZF and ZL hepatocytes but has given us a first view of possible target organs for these particles. Our results might open a door to both pathology studies and therapeutic interventions.

Cette publication est associée à :

Plasticité membranaire et fonctions cellulaires