Diffusion and Subdiffusion of Interacting Particles on Comblike Structures

O. Benichou , P. Illien , G. Oshanin , A. Sarracino , R. Voituriez

Bibtex , URL
Published 25 Nov. 2015
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.220601
ISSN: 0031-9007


We study the dynamics of a tracer particle (TP) on a comb lattice populated by randomly moving hardcore particles in the dense limit. We first consider the case where the TP is constrained to move on the backbone of the comb only. In the limit of high density of the particles, we present exact analytical results for the cumulants of the TP position, showing a subdiffusive behavior similar to t(3/4). At longer times, a second regime is observed where standard diffusion is recovered, with a surprising nonanalytical dependence of the diffusion coefficient on the particle density. When the TP is allowed to visit the teeth of the comb, based on a mean-field-like continuous time random walk description, we unveil a rich and complex scenario with several successive subdiffusive regimes, resulting from the coupling between the geometrical constraints of the comb lattice and particle interactions. In this case, remarkably, the presence of hard-core interactions asymptotically speeds up the TP motion along the backbone of the structure.

Cette publication est associée à :

Dynamique stochastique des systèmes réactifs et vivants