Structural changes and picosecond to second dynamics of cytochrome c in interaction with nitric oxide in ferrous and ferric redox states

S.G. Kruglik , B.K. Yoo , J.C. Lambry , J.L. Martin , M. Negrerie

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Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 19, 32, 21317-21334
Published 28 Aug. 2017
DOI: 10.1039/c7cp02634j
ISSN: 1463-9076


Apart from its role in electron transfer, mitochondrial cytochrome c also plays a role in apoptosis and is subject to nitrosylation. The cleavage of the Fe-Met80 bond plays a role in several processes including the release of Cyt c from mitochondria or increase of its peroxidase activity. Nitrosylation of Cyt c precludes the reformation of the disrupted Fe-Met80 bond and was shown to occur during apoptosis. These physiological properties are associated with a conformational change of the heme center of Cyt c. Here, we demonstrate that NO binding induces pronounced heme conformational changes in the six-coordinate Cyt c-NO complex. Equilibrium and time-resolved Raman data reveal that the heme structural conformation depends both on the nature of the distal iron ligand (NO or Met80) and on the Fe2+ or Fe3+ heme redox state. Upon nitrosylation, the heme ruffling distortion is greatly enhanced for ferrous Cyt c. Contrastingly, the initial strong heme distortion in native ferric Cyt c almost disappears after NO binding. We measured the heme coordination dynamics in the picosecond to second time range and identified Met80 and NO rebinding phases using time-resolved Raman and absorption spectroscopies. Dissociation of NO instantly produces 5-coordinate heme with a domed structure which continues to rearrange within 15 ps, while the initial ruffling distortion disappears. The rates of Cyt c-NO complex formation measured by transient absorption are k(on) = 1.81 x 10(6) M-1 s(-1) for ferric Cyt c and 83 M-1 s(-1) for ferrous Cyt c. After NO dissociation and exit from the heme pocket, the rebinding of Met80 to the heme iron takes place 6 orders of magnitude more slowly (3-5 mu s) than Met80 rebinding in the absence of NO (5 ps). Altogether, these data reveal the structural and dynamic properties of Cyt c in interaction with nitric oxide relevant for the molecular mechanism of apoptosis.

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Plasticité membranaire et fonctions cellulaires