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Topology and robustness in early fate decision in the fly embryo
Par Arghyadip Mukherjee (ENS Paris)
Le 12 Décembre 2023 à 11h00 - Salle de séminaires 5ème étage - LJP - Tours 32-33


During embryogenesis, the earliest cell fate decision is often linked to nuclear positioning, whose control arises from the integration of the cell cycle oscillator and associated cytoskeletal dynamics. Yet, the mechanisms that ensure that the correct number of nuclei move to the appropriate place remain poorly understood. Here, using light sheet microscopy, we show that in Drosophila embryos spindle orientation controls which nuclei migrate towards the cortex and which remains inside the embryo, thereby determining nuclear fate and the number of cells undergoing development. Combining computational methods inspired by integral geometry and manipulations of cell cycle genes, we show that spindle orientation is controlled by topological spindle-spindle interactions and not by internuclear distance. Using arguments describing the behavior of space-filling systems, we develop a theory for topological dependency in astral units on a surface. Our work shows how topological interplay of microtubule mechanics can ensure robust control of density and cell fate determination.
Following the mixed theory/experiment talk, I will give a brief overview a few theoretical results related to morphogenesis of two coupled active cellular layers and propagation of oscillations in excitable media.