Development of a nonlinear fiber-optic spectrometer for human lung tissue exploration

D.A. Peyrot , C. Lefort , M. Steffenhagen , T. Mansuryan , G. Ducourthial , D. Abi-Haidar , N. Sandeau , C. Vever-Bizet , S.G. Kruglik , L. Thiberville , F. Louradour , G. Bourg-Heckly

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Biomedical Optics Express, 3, 5, 840-853
Published 01 May 2012
ISSN: 2156-7085


Several major lung pathologies are characterized by early modifications of the extracellular matrix (ECM) fibrillar collagen and elastin network. We report here the development of a nonlinear fiber-optic spectrometer, compatible with an endoscopic use, primarily intended for the recording of second-harmonic generation (SHG) signal of collagen and two-photon excited fluorescence (2PEF) of both collagen and elastin. Fiber dispersion is accurately compensated by the use of a specific grism-pair stretcher, allowing laser pulse temporal width around 70 fs and excitation wavelength tunability from 790 to 900 nm. This spectrometer was used to investigate the excitation wavelength dependence (from 800 to 870 nm) of SHG and 2PEF spectra originating from ex vivo human lung tissue samples. The results were compared with spectral responses of collagen gel and elastin powder reference samples and also with data obtained using standard nonlinear microspectroscopy. The excitation-wavelength-tunable nonlinear fiber-optic spectrometer presented in this study allows performing nonlinear spectroscopy of human lung tissue ECM through the elastin 2PEF and the collagen SHG signals. This work opens the way to tunable excitation nonlinear endomicroscopy based on both distal scanning of a single optical fiber and proximal scanning of a fiber-optic bundle. (c) 2012 Optical Society of America

Cette publication est associée à :

Biophotonique : Spectro-imagerie à visée diagnostique