Fluctuations and correlations of a driven tracer in a hard-core lattice gas

O. Benichou , P. Illien , G. Oshanin , R. Voituriez

Bibtex , URL
Published 29 Mar. 2013
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.032164
ISSN: 1539-3755


We consider a driven tracer particle (TP) in a bath of hard-core particles undergoing continuous exchanges with a reservoir. We develop an analytical framework which allows us to go beyond the standard force-velocity relation used for this minimal model of active microrheology and quantitatively analyze, for any density of the bath particles, the fluctuations of the TP position and their correlations with the occupation number of the bath particles. We obtain an exact Einstein-type relation which links these fluctuations in the absence of a driving force and the bath particles density profiles in the linear driving regime. For the one-dimensional case we also provide an approximate but very accurate explicit expression for the variance of the TP position and show that it can be a nonmonotonous function of the bath particles density: counterintuitively, an increase of the density may increase the dispersion of the TP position. We show that this nontrivial behavior, which could in principle be observed in active microrheology experiments, is induced by subtle cross correlations quantified by our approach. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.032164

Cette publication est associée à :

Dynamique stochastique des systèmes réactifs et vivants