First-Passage Statistics for Random Walks in Bounded Domains

R. Voituriez , O. Benichou

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We present a general theory which allows one to accurately evaluate the mean FPT (MFPT) for regular random walks in bounded domains, and its extensions to related first-passage observables like splitting probabilities and occupation times. It is showed that this analytical approach provides a universal scaling dependence of the MFPT on both the volume of the confining domain and the source-target distance in the case of general scale invariant processes. This analysis is applicable to a broad range of stochastic processes characterized by scale invariant properties. The full distribution of the FPT can be obtained using similar tools, and displays universal features. This allows to quantify the fluctuations of the FPT in confinement, and to reveal the key role that can be played by the starting position of the random walker.

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Dynamique stochastique des systèmes réactifs et vivants