Generalized Archimedes' principle in active fluids

N. Razin , R. Voituriez , J. Elgeti , N.S. Gov

Bibtex , URL
Published 15 Sep. 2017
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.96.032606
ISSN: 2470-0045


We show how a gradient in the motility properties of noninteracting pointlike active particles can cause a pressure gradient that pushes a large inert object. We calculate the force on an object inside a system of active particles with position-dependent motion parameters, in one and two dimensions, and show that a modified Archimedes' principle is satisfied. We characterize the system, both in terms of the model parameters and in terms of experimentally measurable quantities: the spatial profiles of the density, velocity and pressure. This theoretical analysis is motivated by recent experiments, which showed that the nucleus of a mouse oocyte (immature egg cell) moves from the cortex to the center due to a gradient of activity of vesicles propelled by molecular motors; it more generally applies to artificial systems of controlled localized activity.

Cette publication est associée à :

Dynamique stochastique des systèmes réactifs et vivants